The human capacity to
develop and change is greatest from birth to five years old when
the brain is most malleable and able to change in response to education
and stimulation. However, public investment in education is
lowest in early childhood, creating a mismatch between the investments
made and the opportunity for improvement. As a result, there
is a great demand for expensive remedial programs to address learning
and behavior problems in later years when change is far more difficult
This six-minute video, narrated by Hugh Downs, elaborates on prevention strategies that promote better outcomes for children.
The Upstream Solution
Advances in neuroscience and in understanding
human development have made it possible to suggest strategies that
can promote healthy brain development. Public policy makers,
business and community leaders, caregivers and others can apply
this new knowledge to a broad range of programs and services for
children. Implementing simple strategies so that children
become successful early learners eliminates the need for expensive
Opportunity Versus Investment
with permission, B. Perry, M.D., Ph.D., 2006
Studies show that maltreated
children have elevated levels of stress hormones even on a normal
day when nothing stressful is happening. This is especially true
for those children who experienced long-term chronic abuse or neglect.
Source: Dr. H. T. Chugani,
Newsweek, Spring/Summer 1997 Special Edition: "Your Child:
From Birth to Three", pp 30-31.
Early Childhood Development and Health Fund
Arizona voters recently approved a statewide proposition First Things First that establishes an Early Childhood Development and Health Fund that will be funded by revenues generated by an increase in the state tax on tobacco products, donations and state appropriations. The state tax on cigarettes will increase by 80 cents per pack. The fund will be administered by a new board appointed by the Governor. Check here for the latest updates on the new Early Childhood Development and Health Fund.